Gum disease is one of the oral problems that dentists see on a regular basis. However, not many people realise that there are a couple of phases of gum disease before it can be categorised as full-blown periodontitis. At the initial onset of gum disease, the oral problem is referred to as gingivitis. Although gingivitis may be mild, left unchecked will lead to oral complications as well as debilitating pain. As such, it is essential for individuals to know what would put them at risk of developing gingivitis. Here are some of the different reasons why you may develop gingivitis.
Excessive accumulation of plaque
At any moment day or night, your teeth will have some plaque. This whitish film forms on the surface of your teeth, particularly after you have eaten some food. Fresh plaque is not a serious threat and can easily be eliminated with routine brushing. However, if you do not have a consistent oral care routine, the plaque gets a chance to accumulate on your teeth. Since the plaque is made of a biofilm, the plaque provides nutrition to bacteria, and this promotes their breeding. Over time, the plaque begins to harden, and this forms a layer of tartar on your teeth. Tartar is harder to remove, and it functions to harbour bacteria, which are steadily eating through your gum tissue. With time, you will develop gum disease.
A little-known fact about gum disease is that it can stem from sudden hormonal changes. As such, expectant mothers tend to be at risk of developing this disease since their blood system will have copious amounts of hormones. The sudden hormonal changes can cause your gingival tissue, which is located in your gums, to become highly sensitive. As a result, minor incidences such as vigorous brushing of your teeth could lead to bleeding gums. Tissue trauma on the gums will then allow for bacteria to make their way into your gums, posing the risk of gum disease. If you are undergoing any radical hormonal changes, it is advisable to pay particular attention to your oral care in an attempt to prevent gingivitis.
Your overall health can also have an effect on your oral health. Some disease will make you more susceptible to oral problems, and this increases the risk of you developing gum disease. Some of the health issues that could affect your oral health include diabetes, HIV, cancer and more.
For more information, contact a local dentist.